The Mercy Seat

“You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold; two and a half cubits shall be its length, a cubit and a half its width.  And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work you shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat.  Make one cherub at one end, and the other cherub at the other end; you shall make the cherubim at the two ends of it of one piece with the mercy seat.  And the cherubim shall stretch out their wings above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and they shall face one another; the faces of the cherubim shall be toward the mercy seat.  You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the Testimony that I will give you.  And there I will meet with you, and I will speak with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the Testimony, about everything which I will give you in commandment to the children of Israel,” Exodus 25:17-22 NKJV.

He also made the mercy seat of pure gold; two and a half cubits was its length and a cubit and a half its width.  He made two cherubim of beaten gold; he made them of one piece at the two ends of the mercy seat:  one cherub on one end on this side, and the other cherub at the other end on that side.  He made the cherubim at the two ends of one piece with the mercy seat.  The cherubim spread out their wings above, and covered the mercy seat with their wings.  They faced one another; the faces of the cherubim were toward the mercy seat, Exodus 37:6-9 NKJV.

If the Ark of the Covenant symbolized Israel’s relationship with God, then the Mercy Seat symbolizes God’s relationship with Israel.

It’s not called “the Justice Seat,” because God’s justice by itself would send us all to hell, Israel included.  That’s all we deserve, contrary to those who seem to believe that God somehow owes us entrance into “a better place” or that it’s just automatic:  everyone, regardless, will go there. And it’s not called “the Steadfast Love seat,” in spite of those who use that translation in place of the word “mercy.”

The word “mercy” is the translation of the Hebrew word, “kippoor”.  We know it from the day in the Jewish calendar called, “Yom Kippur:” “The Day of Atonement.”  The word itself means “to cover, make atonement, propitiate,” (Wilson’s Old Testament Word Studies, p. 273).  It is used 26 times in the Old Testament, always in reference to the article of furniture, never to an attitude or emotion.  For a further study of this word and the others translated “mercy,” see Wilson.

Leviticus 26 describes the sacrifices that Aaron and his sons were to offer on the Day of Atonement, once a year in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, v. 29.  The purpose of the sacrifices was to make atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the assembly, v. 33.  It was the most solemn day in the Jewish calendar.  It still is, even though Israel now has no sacrifice to offer or place to offer it.

There is no longer any need for such offerings and ceremony.

We don’t have a tabernacle or the ceremonies associated with it.

We have that to which these things pointed – the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ:

Hebrews 7:26-28, For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens, who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself.  For the law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever, NKJV.

Hebrews 8:1, 2, Now this is the main point of the things we are saying:  We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the true sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man, NKJV.

Hebrews 9:13-14, For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh, how much shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God, NKJV.

Only through Him – not through Mary, not through “the saints,” not through the church, but through Him – is there salvation and the forgiveness of sins.

“Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved,” Acts 16:31.


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