Why “kindness”? We’ll take a closer look at this later. For now, consider 2 Samuel 9:3 and Ephesians 2:7.
I. The Necessity of Grace.
Before the Renaissance, it was believed that the proper study of mankind was God. With the Renaissance and the rise of humanism came the belief that the proper study of mankind is man. This is alright up to a point; we should know as much about ourselves as possible, but as it has developed, too many believe that when you are studying man, you are studying God!
What does the Bible say about Man? Why is grace necessary? Is it necessary? We start at the beginning.
A. The Creation and Fall of Adam and Eve, Genesis 1-3.
Our Lord accepted the Genesis accounts of creation and the Fall as historical events. So did Paul. So do we.
1. The creation of Adam and Eve, Genesis 1:26-31; 2:8-25.
We can in these lessons do little more than touch the surface.
a. their responsibility, 1:26, 28.
They were to be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it; …have dominion over…every living thing that moves on the earth. In other words, they were to explore their new home and put it to good use. In a sinless context like the Garden, the word “dominion” carries the idea of stewardship, not “domination,” as it so often does in a sinful context, like ours. Adam was to till the ground, not just lie around in idleness. Even in “paradise,” there was work to do.
b. their resources, 1:29; 2:16.
They were given to eat freely of every tree in the Garden except one. There was no miserly rationing of things they might need, but all was freely given, even access to the Tree of Life. If they’d’ve been smart, they would have rushed right over and eaten of it. It should have been their first meal! Of course, they had no way of knowing the future, or what was at stake.
c. their restriction, 2:17.
There was only one tree which they were forbidden to eat from, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. This restriction served a two-fold purpose: 1). Even though, in a sense, Adam was lord of all he surveyed, yet he was still just a creature and, as such, subject to the will of the Creator. 2). Adam and Eve didn’t need to know about “good and evil.” They had full access to God. He determines what is “good,” and what is “evil.” In their lives just now, there was no “evil.” If there were any questions, they had only to ask Him.
2. The conduct of Adam and Eve, Genesis 3:1-6.
a. they listened, vs. 1-5.
Even in the Garden, they made bad choices: Eve to listen to the serpent, and Adam to listen to his wife. Though perhaps humorous, this last really isn’t funny, because from these few minutes in the Garden have come millennia, indeed, even an eternity, of sin and suffering. Notice how Satan turned the generosity of God into an intolerable restraint, implying that He was keeping something good from them. Furthermore, he said, they wouldn’t “die” if they ate the fruit. To the contrary, they would become like God, and by this, he implied, they wouldn’t need Him to be their moral and spiritual compass. They could decide for themselves.
b. they looked, v. 6.
We say, “They,” because the verse says that Adam was “with her.” We believe he was there all the time. She didn’t have to go looking for him. Now, the tree looked beautiful and its fruit, she was told, was beneficial. In her defense, Eve had no experience with deceit, it not having become part of the daily fabric of life. So she picked a delicious-looking fruit – probably not an apple, and ate it. Then she “shared” with Adam.
3. The consequences to Adam and Eve, Genesis 3:7-24.
a. they died, (Genesis 2:17).
What does they “died” mean, since Adam lived well over 900 years outside the Garden? Seeing this, some have looked at Psalm 90:4 and its repetition in 2 Peter 3:8, and misreading it as if it said 1000 years is one day to the Lord, have said that this is what God meant. However, the only “day” Adam likely knew, never having read Psalm 90:4, was the “day” of 24 hours. Besides, there is a certain immediacy in God’s warning – in the day you eat of it [the fruit], you shall surely die” that is lost if all God meant was that Adam would live less than a thousand years.
Before the Sun went down on that fateful day when they disobeyed God, Adam and Eve had died. As we’ll see shortly, the primary effect of death is separation, and we read no more of any fellowship Adam and Eve had with God. They were now afraid of Him and tried to hide.
b. they tried to do something about it, Genesis 3:7.
The world with its warped thought jokes about “the oldest profession in the world,” but they’re wrong. The oldest “profession” is that of tailor. Mankind still has no understanding of its condition before God, Romans 3:11, yet knows something is “wrong,” and so is still making “loincloths.”
c. they shifted the blame, Genesis 3:12, 13.
Ultimately, Adam blamed God: “the woman You gave me….” Eve blamed the serpent. Yet the responsibility had been given to Adam to keep the Garden. He failed in his primary responsibilities to God and to protect (another meaning of the word translated, “keep”) Eve. After all, she was part of what God had entrusted into his keeping.
d. their relationship were disrupted.
Their primary relationship was with God. Before the Fall, and we don’t know how long that took, they had enjoyed fellowship with God, Genesis 3:8. I’m sure, for example, that it was a festive occasion when God brought Eve to Adam. However, after the Fall, there is no record that they ever again had such fellowship with God. They were thrown out of the Garden. They had died spiritually.
Their relationship with each other deteriorated, as well. Gone forever was the innocence with which they had reveled in each other’s company. I use the word “revel” deliberately. There was no sin to cloud their happiness together; everything was perfect and holy. We cannot imagine what it must have been like, although those who are blessed with a happy marriage have a small taste of it. But now their memory was of what had happened – how they had failed God and each other, to say nothing of the curse under which they now lived: evicted together from paradise, multiplied and painful child-bearing for Eve, as well as subordination to her husband, and, for Adam, increased and frustrating toil.
Paradise had truly been lost.
e. they lost the right to eternal life, and their ability to obtain it.
Being evicted from the Garden barred them from the Tree of Life. To make certain of that, God placed cherubim and a flaming sword in the way to prevent access to it, Genesis 3:22-24. The lesson for them, and for us, is that if you want eternal life, you have to do something about your sin and the justice of God. What they could have freely taken at any time before their sin was completely denied to them after it.
f. their descendants were affected.
Though we see this relatively soon in the murder of Abel by his jealous brother Cain, we’re more concerned about descendants further along the line, like us. What effect, if any, did the Fall have on us and our children and grandchildren? We’ll explore the answer to this, Lord willing, in the next lesson.
1. What bars man from eternal life?
2. Why is grace necessary?
3. What does “kindness” have to do with it?
4. Are the Biblical accounts of Creation and the Fall reliable. Why?
5. What responsibility did Adam and Eve have in the Garden?
6. What resources?
7. Were there any restrictions? Why?
8. What did Adam and Eve do?
9. What does it mean: “they died”?
10. What other results were there from their eating the fruit?